Periodontics is an oral specialty focusing on inflammatory diseases that affect the gums and oral structures supporting the teeth
These structures include the:
It can progress from gingivitis, which is the first stage of periodontal disease and only affects the gums, to the other structures.
Periodontal diseases are caused most often by a combination of bacteria and dental plaque, which is a sticky, colourless film that continually forms on your teeth. If it is not removed regularly and effectively through brushing and flossing, the plaque can spread to the gums.
The inevitable outcome of uncontrolled gum disease is tooth loss. Many of these teeth loss are not decayed nor fractured. They are either extracted because they are too loose and cause pain when eating or they can even drop out on their own. Gum treatment will save many of these teeth.
Due to the build-up of food and bacteria under the gums, patients with gum disease often complain of bad breath.Successful treatment of gum disease can eliminate the problem of bad breath.
Bleeding from the gums is one of the first few signs of gum disease. Many patients can experience bleeding upon brushing or eating. In severe cases, bleeding can occur spontaneously.
Untreated gum disease can cause bacteria to enter our blood stream and affect our health.